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Switch culture from any page of your site and improve SEO

CONTEXT

Symfony internationalization is normally managed using session variables. To switch culture you can visit a page that first changes you session variable and then send you back to the page you were visiting, but this potentially breaks your SEO.

Adding culture in every URL is a better solution, but if you want to go back to the page you were visiting, you have to deal with redirection by yourself.

This widget solves the redirection issue by creating localized urls.

CODE

Save your file here: apps/appname/lib/helper/I18nUrlHelper.php

/*
 * Generate a localized version for the URL you are visiting.
 */
 
function localized_current_url($sf_culture = null)
{
  if (! $sf_culture)
  {
    throw new sfException(sprintf('Invalid parameter $sf_culture "%s".', $sf_culture));
  }
 
  $routing    = sfContext::getInstance()->getRouting();
  $request    = sfContext::getInstance()->getRequest();
  $controller = sfContext::getInstance()->getController();
 
  // depending on your routing configuration, you can set $route_name = $routing->getCurrentRouteName()
  $route_name = '';
 
  $parameters = $controller->convertUrlStringToParameters($routing->getCurrentInternalUri());
  $parameters[1]['sf_culture'] = $sf_culture;
 
  return $routing->generate($route_name, array_merge($request->getGetParameters(), $parameters[1]));
}
 

EXAMPLE

Obviously, you must add the :sf_culture token in every rule of your application routing.yml:

product_page:
  url:   /:sf_culture/product/:id
  requirements: { sf_culture: (?:en|es|fr|it|de) }
  param: { module: product, action: show }
 
homepage:
  url:   /:sf_culture
  requirements: { sf_culture: (?:en|es|fr|it|de) }
  param: { module: page, action: home }

default_symfony:
  url:   /symfony/:sf_culture/:action/*
  requirements: { sf_culture: (?:en|es|fr|it|de) }
  param: { module: default }
 
default_index:
  url:   /:sf_culture/:module
  param: { action: index }
  requirements: { sf_culture: (?:en|es|fr|it|de) }
 
default:
  url:   /:sf_culture/:module/:action/*
  requirements: { sf_culture: (?:en|es|fr|it|de) }
 

This code let you create a list of link to the localized versions. The list of languages/cultures is taken from your config file.

<div>
  <?php foreach(sfConfig::get('app_languages_available') as $language) { ?>
    <a href="<?php echo localized_current_url($language); ?>"><?php echo $language; ?></a>  
  <?php } ?>
</div>
 
by Davide Fedrigo on 2009-09-28, tagged culture  helper  i18n  navigation  routing 
(3 comments)

How to have common parameters for every route

Let's take an example. You want to have the user culture in front of each of your URL.

So, your routing configuration look like something like that:

page:
  url: /:culture/:page
  params: ...

article:
  url: /:culture/:year/:month/:day/:slug
  params: ...

...

This is the easy part. But now, every time you call url_for() or link_to() you have to pass the culture parameter.

For such situations, there is a better way. The routing has a special configuration parameter named sf_routing_defaults that you can set with default values:

sfConfig::set('sf_routing_defaults', array('culture' => 'en'));

And now, the culture parameter will automatically added to the parameters that you pass to the url_for() or link_to() helpers.

by Fabien Potencier on 2006-08-23, tagged i18n  routing 
(8 comments)